Digital archive collection – “Crimes in Foča in 1992”

ThDAK-Foca-ene Humanitarian Law Center (HLC) presents the first digital archive collection “Crimes in Foča in 1992”.

The digital collection contains judgments, videos, exhibits and other materials collected from court databases and the HLC archives. The aim of the collection is to present and document in a comprehensive way the war crimes against the Bosniak population of Foča committed at the beginning of the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

When Foča fell under Serb forces’ control at the end of April 1992, members of the forces arrested non-Serb civilians and took them to detention facilities. A special target of the attack were Bosniak women and girls, many of whom were held in sexual slavery in several detention facilities, where they were raped, tortured and otherwise abused and humiliated.


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Digital Narrative of the Humanitarian Law Center – “10th Sabotage Detachment”

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On the occasion of the 26th anniversary of the execution of captured Srebrenica men at the Branjevo military farm, the Humanitarian Law Center (HLC) presents its fourth digital narrative “10th Sabotage Detachment”. The narrative is created on the basis of a HLC Dossier: “10th Sabotage Detachment of the Main Staff of the Army of Republika Srpska” that was publicly presented in 2011.

The 10th Sabotage Detachment, a unit of the Main Staff of the Army of Republika Srpska, participated in the commission of Srebrenica genocide in July 1995. As far as is known, members of the 10th Sabotage Detachment took part in two mass executions of Bosniak men from Srebrenica in July 1995 – the one at the Branjevo military farm on 16 July, in which about 1,200 captured Bosniaks from Srebrenica were killed, and the one in the village of Bišina on 23 July 1995, in which at least 39 prisoners were killed.

The digital narrative contains a description of the events in question, a number of survivors’ accounts, numerous documents that clearly suggest that members of the 10th sabotage detachment were responsible for these events, and several court judgments that confirm their responsibility.

The digital narrative is available at the following link.

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Online discussion: War Crimes Trials in the Context of Serbia’s Accession to the European Union Tuesday, Jun 29, 2021 at 12:00

Online-razgovor-enThe Humanitarian Law Center (HLC) invites you to a discussion “War Crimes Trials in the Context of Serbia’s Accession to the European Union”, during which a “Model Strategy for the Prosecuting of War Crimes Committed During and in Relation to the Armed Conflicts in the Former Yugoslavia (Period: 2021-2026)” (Model Strategy), as well as the analysis of the results achieved during the implementation of the National Strategy for War Crimes Prosecution (2016-2020) will be presented.


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Policy paper: Awarding restitution claims for victims of sexual violence in war crimes proceedings before Serbian courts

predlog-prakticne-politike-enAn associated action for restitution constitutes a claim for the compensation of damages, recovery of property or the annulment of a legal transaction arising from the commission of a criminal offence.

In criminal proceedings, the injured party may file an associated action for damages starting from the investigation stage until the end of the main hearing and the claim shall be decided by the court unless it would delay the proceedings.

Although awarding this claim has been laid down as a rule in the Criminal Code of the Republic of Serbia, the courts in the Republic of Serbia have been interpreting this legal provision as an exception. Namely, ever since 2003, from which time specialized court divisions handling solely war crime trials have been in existence, not a single war crime victim has been awarded damages in associated action during the criminal proceedings, but they have been referred to exercise their right to compensation in civil action.


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Conference “From Stigma to Justice – Sexual Violence in War”

Konferencija-enMarking the International Day for the Elimination of Sexual Violence in Conflict, the Humanitarian Law Center (HLC) invites you to online conference “From Stigma to Justice – Sexual Violence in War “ that will take place on Tuesday, 15 June 2021 from 11:00 am via the Zoom application.

The conference will feature three panel discussions at which experts, each within their own field of expertise,  will discuss the importance of reparations for victims of sexual violence, the stigma attached to victims of sexual violence, why women are not believed when testifying about the violence they experienced, as well as the ways to overcome trauma and the need for systematic support for these victims.

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Dossier: VRS 43rd Motorised Brigade in Prijedor

43mb-enBetween May and August 1992, units of the 1st Krajina Corps of the Army of the Republika Srpska (VRS), together with the police of the Republika Srpska, Territorial Defence Force (TO) units and various volunteer groups, carried out attacks on a large number villages in the municipality of Prijedor inhabited predominantly by Bosniaks and Croats.

In the documents of the VRS and the Ministry of the Interior (MUP) of the Republika Srpska, combat operations in the Prijedor municipality were referred to as “cleansing operations” and actions aimed to crush extremist groups. However, as established in several judgments of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY), these operations involved the systematic killings, abuses, arrests and detention of non-Serbs, as well as the destruction and looting of their property.

More than 3,000 civilians died in the territory of Prijedor municipality in 1992, and around 38,000 Bosniaks and Croats left the municipality before the second half of October of 1992.


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